The theme of National Science Day, celebrated each year on 28 February, is “Science for the People and the People for Science” for 2019.The scientific way, simply a rational outlook towards life, is essentially a word of advice to people to work for the prosperity of all beings on the planet and planet itself, to do justice to human existence on the planet.

The theme of National Science Day, celebrated each year on 28 February, is “Science for the People and the People for Science” for 2019. An overlook of the present situation says enough of deep penetration of science in our lives. The control that science has assumed over human lives actually defies the very definition of control, for nothing matches high virtues of freedom and liberation that science has been successful in committing to living beings on the planet.

National Science Day, in India, marks glory of celebrated and renowned Indian scientist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. While working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, he discovered the phenomenon of scattering of radiations (photons), a fascinating and crucial one for its immense applicability across all the physical sciences.

For his remarkable contribution, two years later, he was awarded with Nobel Prize in physics, first such award for any Indian in field of sciences. The discovery he made was also named after his name— Raman Effect. Actually, Raman Effect is a scientific phenomenon that dwells on the crucial questions of nature of light and came to rescue of well researched quantum and more scientific theories by validating many of their aspects. Basically, Raman Effect is a light scattering phenomenon that explains a very few (approximately one in ten million) particles undergoing inelastic collision and subsequent change in wavelength, when scattering through some medium particles. So, it has prominent spectroscopy purposes, for each material (medium) gives spectral lines of differing wavelength depending on its molecular constituents. Analysing complex chemical compounds and other wide range of materials is most familiar practical application of discovery made by Raman.

No two facts about the prominent role that science has played in shaping human life. The civility that emanates from science has enabled, or at least it has given a chance to, human beings to see, think and do what they should, perhaps, ideally be doing. The scientific way, simply a rational outlook towards life, is essentially a word of advice to people to work for the prosperity of all beings on the planet and planet itself, to do justice to human existence on the planet. And this is Science for you, the People.

Logics and facts, being a fountainhead for all Sciences, differentiate sciences from mythologies that ruled the societies for centuries or millenniums that went as per “words from heavens”. Bringing changes that too in minds, long conditioned to think in similar controlled ways, was a humongous act of self-liberation and revolution. Science didn’t drop from heavens nor was it a revelation of deep earth. It were humans beings and their inquisitiveness that let them deploy whatever they had at the moment despite all the ridicule and stupid tags they earned for their work. Though, science has given us so much and continues to do so in form of comfort, health and livelihood and much more, at the same time, generation after generation has been rendering its services to ‘the main purpose of science of contributing to greater good of society’ by developing science and instilling the theory of scientific way as way forward in brains of newer generations. Here, it was, the People for Science.

For his excellence and contribution to Science in India that included first ever Nobel Prize for country in the field, Indian government conferred upon him India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1954. In the year 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) proposed government to designate the day, 28 February, as National Science Day to which government acquiesced and India celebrated its very first National Science Day on 28th February 1987.

Schools and colleges are encouraged to organise science exhibitions and workshops on the day to reinvent ways of thinking from a young age. Department of Science and Technology rewards various dignitaries, researchers and academicians for excellent contributions to science in whole year.

There is no match to challenges that our country poses to its citizens, but science has the potential to turn all those challenges in opportunities for it has been successful in doing so in the past and not a single reason prompt us to think of an otherwise sense for future. And it starts with a question, keep questioning for scientist is not a person who gives right answers, but one who asks right question, as Sir Raman once said, "Ask the right questions, and nature will open the doors to her secrets". The ascendency of science is sure to lead nation to glory.