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Punjab also spelt "Panjab", is a state in the northwest of the Republic of India. The term Punjab comprises two words: "punj" meaning five and ab meaning water, thus the land of five rivers." The Punjabi language, written in the Gurumukhi script, is the official language of the state. State day is observed on 1st November. Symbols of Punjab: State Dance is Bhangra, State Animal is Black Buck, State Bird is Baaz, State Tree is Tahli, and State Sport Kabaddi (Circle Style). The holiest of Sikh shrines, the Sri Harmandir Sahib (or Golden Temple), is in the city of Amritsar.

Education Status

According to the Census 2011, Punjab has a literacy rate of 76.68% (male literacy rate 81.48% and female literacy rate 71.34%).

Primary and Secondary education is mainly affiliated to Punjab School Education Board. Punjab is served by several institutions of higher education, including 32 universities which provide undergraduate and postgraduate courses in all the major arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, veterinary science, and business. Punjab Agricultural University is a leading institution globally for the study of agriculture and played a significant role in Punjab's Green Revolution in the 1960s–70s. Alumni of the Panjab University, Chandigarh include Manmohan Singh, the former PM of India, and Dr. Har Gobind Khorana, a biochemistry Nobel laureate.